In 2020, Ukraine together with Austria and Moldova started to co-coordinate EUSDP Priority 9 “Investing in Education and Retraining”.

This area is coordinated by the national ministries of the three member states:

1️⃣ Austria – Federal Ministry of Labor, Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research;

2️⃣ Moldova – Ministry of Labor and Social Protection, Ministry of Education and Research;

3️⃣ Ukraine – Ministry of Education and Science, Ministry of Social Policy.

The states of the Danube region show a significant disproportion in the economic and social levels of development. In this regard, Priority 9 of the Danube Strategy – “Investment in Education and Retraining” focuses on the implementation of measures in the field of education, retraining, labor market and social policy in order to address inequality of educational opportunities, inconsistency of skills with labor market demands, unemployment and social alienation of vulnerable groups.

Objectives of the Priority Area 9

🔹 Promote higher employment in the Danube region, especially through the fight against youth unemployment and long-term unemployment;
🔹 Promote the improvement of educational outcomes and the matching of acquired skills and competences in the Danube region, focusing on educational outcomes aimed at employment, entrepreneurship, innovation, active citizenship and well-being;
🔹 Promote the quality and efficiency of education, training and the labor market;
🔹 Promote inclusive education and training and the promotion of inclusive labor markets, equal opportunities and non-discrimination, as well as the promotion of civic competences and lifelong learning opportunities;
🔹 Promote closer cooperation between educational, training, research institutions and the labor market at the transnational, regional and bilateral levels.

Relevance of the Priority Area 9

Common trends in the Danube region:
• Labor migration leads to a reduction in the population and the outflow of able-bodied people in some countries in the region;
• There is a high share of employment in traditional sectors, in particular in agriculture;
• High unemployment in some peripheral areas;
• Young people who show poor performance in most cases come from disadvantaged backgrounds;
• The challenge for the region is to create demands for certain skills and competencies that will be in demand in the labor market in the future;
• One third of the EU population at risk of poverty lives in the Danube region;
• The Roma community, 80% of whom live in the Danube region, suffers not only from poverty and low living standards but also from social and economic exclusion.

These trends call for action in areas such as education and training, the labor market, integration, research and innovation, and the need for mutual effective policy-making.

Priority Activity 9

To solve existing problems, Priority 9 focuses on the following vectors:

• Labor market and social policy
• Education and training

1st vector – labor market and social policy

Action 1 – Strengthen cooperation in the labor market

The main attention will be paid to:
• policy formation in the labor market;
• conducting joint training / consultations in the Danube region;
• overcoming the mismatch of professional skills to labor requirements;
• creation of information systems in the labor market;
• vocational retraining and retraining, dual education as a measure of active labor market policy;
• promoting a quality transition from study to work.

Action 2 – Digitization and innovation in the labor market

To avoid the digital divide (by age, gender, region, high and low-skilled jobs) in the labor markets, attention will be focused on the following tasks:
• reducing the lack of knowledge and skills in the field of IT;
• ensuring the exchange and development of common social security standards for working in large teams (crowdwork / platforms);
• the necessary adaptation of the current labor legislation in the Danube region.

Action 3 – Integration of vulnerable groups into the labor market – inclusion

Description: We define vulnerable groups as persons who belong to or believe to belong to groups that are disadvantaged.

Future PN9 activities will focus on: individual activities and projects developed with stakeholder groups, such as case management, employment subsidies or new business models for the unemployed, social entrepreneurship or targeted measures to reduce the number of young people not studying, not work or do not undergo vocational training (NEET).

Action 4 – Fight against poverty and promote social inclusion for all

The specific objectives of this action are as follows:
• empowering groups at risk of poverty;
• gaining access to the labor market;
• implementation of measures to reduce the number of people at risk of poverty – will complement each other and be applied through integrated approaches.

These tasks require the development of long-term policies, the diversification of social services and measures developed together with people who belong to vulnerable groups.

2nd vector – education and training

Action 5 – The quality, relevance and efficiency of the education system

Specific tasks for this action are as follows:
• The state of the art of transferring the buttons to the market for the best performance and the improvement of the relevance of the buttons on the market;
• Advancing the quality of professional education and professional and technical training (VET), the growth of new skills without the help of professional activity (work-based learning);
• development of mechanisms for securing the quality of education and training based on the principle of proof (for monitoring and development of effective reforms);
• adjustment of the level of motivation of the middle of the population otrimuvatie specialties of the vicladac (profitability of the profession, coaching and professional development).

Action 6 – High quality of skills and knowledge

Specific tasks for this action are as follows:
• improvement of basic skills, including language, literacy, especially mathematical, science and digital literacy;
• empowerment of key competences, especially enterpreneunship and languages;
• securing the development of digital education, including media literacy in all regions of the world;
• further development of the potential for innovation and active pedagogy, as well as updating of educational resources and resources.

Action 7 – Permanent coverage and coverage of mobility

Specific tasks for this action as follows:
• education of mobility of scholars and readers, partnership between schools and other primary mortgages;
• taking out the balance of mobility and change in the flow of talented people;
• addressing the problem of transition from education to robotics through professional mentoring;
• continuing strategies for lifelong learning that enriching ideas for growing older and getting ‘another chance’;
• taking insight, validation and recognition of the skills and / or qualifications of the European Qualification Framework and the National Qualification Framework.

Specific tasks for this action as follows:
• speeding up a lot of studies, as not to miss the average coverage;
• securing diversification among students and providing access to comprehensive and inclusive education for everyone;
• additional gender inconsistencies in the field of education and training;
• instilling community, multicultural and social competences, awareness of democratic values ​​and fundamental rights at all levels of education and training for fighting discrimination, racism and stereotypes;
• development of critical messages, cyber and media literacy;
• taking steel development through education and training.

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