The EU Strategy for the Danube Region (EUSDR) is one of the four EU macro-regional strategies aimed at strengthening transnational cooperation in the region in order to overcome disparities in its socio-economic development, unite and coordinate the efforts of all participants to implement joint projects. Link can be found here.

Within the framework of the EUSDR, non-EU countries cooperate on an equal footing with EU member states in 12 priority areas, which contributes to greater cohesion of the Danube macro-region and acceleration of European integration processes.
EUSDR member states:
• EU countries – Austria, Bulgaria, Germany, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Hungary, Croatia, Czech Republic.
• Candidate countries for EU membership – Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro.
• Neighboring countries – Moldova, Ukraine

❕ In Ukraine, 4 regions are involved in the implementation of the EUSDR, which are partially located in the Danube river basin:
Odesa (has a direct exit to the Kiliya estuary of the Danube; part of the sub-basin of the Danube Delta is located on the territory)
Ivano-Frankivsk and Chernivtsi (on the territory of the regions are the sources of the rivers Prut and Seret, which are the left tributaries of the Danube)
Zakarpatian (located in the basin of the Tisza River – a left tributary of the Danube).

The Ministry of Community and Territorial Development of Ukraine (Ministry of Regional Development) has been elected the national coordinator from Ukraine responsible for the implementation of the EU Strategy for the Danube Region.

EUSDR management structure:

1) The European Commission’s Directorate-General for Regional Policy shall lead the overall management of the EUSDR with the assistance and consultation of the High Level Group, which shall be composed of representatives of all EU Member States.
2) Each priority area is coordinated by two states or regions, working in consultation with the European Commission, the relevant EU agencies and regional authorities. Each of the two responsible states appoints a Priority Coordinator (PN Coordinator).
3) PN coordinators are headed by Steering groups, which are created separately for each priority area and are engaged in the daily implementation of the relevant priority area.
4) National coordinators are the main strategic bodies in the management structure. They control and monitor the participation of their state in the implementation of the EUSDR in all priority areas.
5) National coordinators participate in discussions and decision-making at the level of the Committee for Monitoring the Implementation of the Danube Transnational Program (DTP).

1The Directorate General for Regional and Urban Policy(DG REGIO)🔹 the main executive body of the EU, which promotes the implementation of the EUSDR and provides support to the member states of the EUSDR. Link is here.
2A group of high-level representatives🔹 a body that consists of official representatives of the EU Member States and involved in the political coordination of the strategy with the European Commission
3Danube Transnational Program (DTP)🔹 financial instrument of the European program Interreg, aimed at achieving economic, social and territorial integration of the Danube region through the development of certain areas.

DTP finances projects on development and practical implementation of policy in four directions:
• Innovative and socially responsible Danube region;
• Environmentally and culturally responsible Danube region;
• Better connected and energy responsible Danube region;
• Effectively managed Danube region. Link is here.
4Danube Strategy Point (DSP)🔹 the body that provides administrative and communication assistance in the implementation of the strategy;
🔹 established in order to create more favorable conditions for the implementation of the Strategy, namely:
• expansion of internal and external communication;
• providing the necessary support to EUSDR stakeholders;
• improving cooperation between priority coordinators and national coordinators;
• administration of funding instruments provided as technical assistance to the priority areas of the Strategy; – DSP currently has two headquarters – in Vienna (Austria) and in Bucharest (Romania). Link is here.
5Priority Coordinators 🔹 those responsible for the implementation of the EUSDR in a certain priority area, who head the Coordination Councils (steering groups); – are appointed by each of the two states responsible for the implementation of a certain priority area. Link is here.
6Steering groups🔹 a coordinating body, which is created separately for each priority area, and which includes representatives of the states involved in the implementation of such priority area. The Coordinating Council is the executive body, which together with the PN Coordinators ensures the implementation of the EUSDR, evaluates the implementation of the EUSDR and reports on the work done in this area. Link is here.
7National Coordinators🔹 those responsible for coordinating the strategy implementation process at the national level. They monitor and monitor the participation of their country in the implementation of the EUSDR in all priority areas, inform all national stakeholders at the national and regional levels about key events and current initiatives.

The meeting of the National Coordinators is chaired alternately by the states that are chairing the EUSDR at the time of the meeting, with the support of the Trio of Presidents, the European Commission and the Danube Strategy Contact Center.

In Ukraine, the functions of the EUSDR coordinator at the national level are performed by the Ministry of Community and Territorial Development of Ukraine (Ministry of Regional Development).
8Action Plan
on Implementing the Programme of Ukrainian Presidency
in the European Union Strategy for the Danube Region
🔹 a policy document that reflects the main activities that Ukraine plans to take during its presidency of the EUSDR in order to achieve the established thematic and political priorities.
9Political PrioritiesThe political priorities of Ukrainian Presidency:
1️⃣ Harmonization of EUSDR priorities, implementation, and evaluation
2️⃣ Enhancing the institutional capacity of the EUSDR
3️⃣ Strengthening the role of civil society in the implementation of the EUSDR
4️⃣ Monitoring and evaluating the implementation and impact of the ESDR
10Priority ares🔹 Thematic areas in which the work within the Strategy is seen.
The following priority areas have been identified within the framework of the EUSDR:
Priority 1 – Mobility
1A – Inland navigation
1B – Road, rail and air transport

Priority 2 – Sustainable energy support
Priority 3 – Development of culture and tourism
Priority 4 – Restoration and preservation of water quality
Priority 5 – Environmental risk management
Priority 6 – Preservation of biodiversity, landscapes, air and soil quality
Priority 7 – Development of knowledge and education
Priority 8 – Supporting the competitiveness of enterprises
Priority 9 – Investments in education and retraining
Priority 10 – Institutional capacity and administration
Priority 11 – Security and fight against organized crim
11Programme of Ukraine’s Presidency in the European Union Strategy for the Danube Region🔹 a policy document that reflects the main political and thematic priorities of Ukraine during its presidency in the framework of the EUSDR, as well as the main measures that will be taken to achieve the established priorities. Link is here.
12Thematic priorities Ukraine proposes to pay attention to the following topics during the course of its presidency in the EUSDR:
1. Sustainable Development of the Danube Region: Decarbonisation and Transformation of the Economy
2. Development of human capital and labour markets
13Trio Presidency🔹 a body that unites the previous presiding state, the current presiding state, the next presiding state. This body plays an advisory role to ensure coherence, strategic stability and continuity of the presidency of the EUSDR. During 2021, the Trio of presiding countries will consist of Croatia, Slovakia and Ukraine.
14Main PrioritiesThe main priorities for Ukrainian Presidency are:
1️⃣ Decarbonisation and Transformation of the Economy
2️⃣ Development of human capital and labour markets
1A European Green Deal🔹 roadmap for measures to transform the EU into an efficient, sustainable and competitive economy, identify the means to transform Europe into the world’s first climate-neutral continent by 2050, stimulate economic development, improve human health and quality of life, and transform climate change and environmental challenges to opportunities in all EU areas and policies, ensuring a fair and inclusive nature of the green transition.
2Interreg🔹 an instrument of the European Union that provides a basis for cooperation and implementation of common policies at national, regional and local levels between the various actors of the EU Member States. The overall objective of Interreg is to promote the harmonious economic, social and territorial development of the European Union as a whole. Interreg is built on three areas of cooperation: cross-border (Interreg A), transnational (Interreg B) and interregional (Interreg C).
3Expansion of the TEN-T international transport network🔹 trans-European transport network; infrastructure project aimed at improving highways, railways, inland waterways, as well as coordinating the entire transport system.
4New European agenda for digitalisation🔹 one of the seven flagship initiatives under the Europe 2020 strategy aimed at developing the information society and introducing the digital market.
5«East Partnership»🔹 EU foreign policy initiative, which is a continuation of the eastern direction of the European Neighborhood Policy and aims to strengthen relations with the EU’s six Eastern European neighbors – Azerbaijan, Belarus, Armenia, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine.
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